Are you a student who has just completed 12th grade and is interested in pursuing a career in agriculture? Well, you’re in the right place! In today’s fast-paced world, agriculture plays a crucial role in ensuring food security and sustainable development. Choosing agriculture courses after 12th can open up a plethora of opportunities for you in this dynamic field. In this article, we will explore the various options available for agriculture courses after 12th, eligibility criteria, career prospects, and future trends in agriculture.
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About – Agriculture Course After 12th
Agriculture is not just about farming; it encompasses a wide range of disciplines such as agronomy, horticulture, animal husbandry, agricultural engineering, and more. Pursuing agriculture courses after 12th provides you with the necessary knowledge and skills to contribute to the agricultural sector. It equips you with scientific insights, technological advancements, and sustainable practices that are vital for the growth of this industry.
Scope of Agriculture in Today’s World
With the ever-increasing global population and the need for sustainable food production, the scope of agriculture has expanded significantly. The agriculture sector offers a wide range of career opportunities, from research and development to entrepreneurship. By choosing agriculture courses after 12th, you can be part of this growing industry and make a positive impact on society.
Agriculture Courses After 12th List
Choose your course wisely as it will give you a base start for your career. The agriculture courses after 12th in India in the following pattern:
Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Agriculture: This course focuses on various aspects of agriculture, including crop production, soil science, agricultural economics, and farm management. It provides a strong foundation in agricultural sciences and opens up opportunities in both the public and private sectors.
Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) in Agricultural Engineering: This program combines engineering principles with agricultural sciences. Students learn about farm machinery, irrigation systems, renewable energy applications, and agricultural infrastructure. Graduates can work in areas such as farm mechanization, irrigation management, and agro-processing industries.
Bachelor of Fisheries Science (B.F.Sc.): This course is for those interested in fisheries and aquaculture. It covers subjects like fish biology, fish nutrition, aquatic environment management, and fish breeding. Graduates can find employment in fisheries departments, fish farms, research organizations, and the food processing industry.
B.Sc. In Forestry: It is undergraduate course of 4 years which is divided into 8 semesters. The main aim of the course is to train students in forestry by making then learn about forest conservation and different climatic changes. Students must be 12th passed out from science stream from a recognized board. The course fees in India are between 5 k to 3 lakh P/A. The professionals’ will get many job opportunities in government and private sectors on an average salary of 5k to 3 lakh P/A.
B.Sc in Fisheries: It is 4 years degree course divided into 8 semesters. The course involves management of fisheries like fish breeding, genetics, biotechnology, nutrition etc. Students having PCB can apply for this course. The admission is done through entrance examination or through merit. Professionals get easily chance to work in areas like Fish Farming consultancy, Aqua Culture sector, Meat processing companies etc. They get salary up to 3 lakh P/A depending on the organization. The fees is between 20k to 1 lakh P/A.
B.Tech in Dairy Products: It is 3 years UG course that deals with packaging, processing, transportation, storage and distribution of milk and its products. Students have to pass 12th examination with PCM as the subjects from a recognized board. The course fees are between 30k to 90k P/A. The professionals can easily get jobs in educational institutes, Production/manufacturing Company, milk plants, diaries etc. the starting salary is given between 15k to 30k per month.
Diploma Agriculture Courses in India
Diploma in Agriculture: This diploma course focuses on practical skills and knowledge related to crop cultivation, soil management, pest control, and agricultural machinery operation. It provides a hands-on learning experience and opens up opportunities in farming, agricultural cooperatives, and agricultural extension services.
Diploma in Horticulture: This course is designed for students interested in the cultivation and management of fruits, vegetables, flowers, and ornamental plants. It covers topics like plant propagation, nursery management, landscape design, and post-harvest management. Graduates can work as horticulturists, nursery managers, or consultants in the horticulture industry.
Diploma in Dairy Technology: This program trains students in various aspects of milk processing, quality control, dairy plant management, and dairy product manufacturing. It prepares individuals for careers in dairy industries, milk cooperatives, and food processing companies.
Diploma in Dairy Technology: 2 years full time diploma course that deals with milk processing, Milk products quality control and engineering. Admission is done merit based or entrance based depending on the college. if you are 10th or 12th passed out you can apply for this course with minimum 50% to 55% marks. The fees is between 10k to 50 k P/A. Professionals can work in private or government firm with an average salary of 2 to 10 lakh P/A.
Diploma in Floriculture: 1 year full time diploma course that deals with wide variety of flowers and their conservation. Deals with genetic , research based developing many variety of flowers. Admission is done merit based or entrance based depending on the college. if you are 10th or 12th passed out you can apply for this course with minimum 50%. The fees is between 10k to 35 k P/A. Professionals can work in private or government firm with an average salary of 2 to 3.5 lakh P/A.
Diploma in Food Processing: 6 year full time diploma course that deals with wide variety of flowers and their conservation. Deals with genetic, research based developing many variety of flowers. Admission is done merit based or entrance based depending on the college. if you are 10th or 12th passed out you can apply for this course with minimum 50%. The fees is between 10k to 35 k P/A. Professionals can work in private or government firm with an average salary of 2 to 3.5 lakh P/A.
Top Agriculture Colleges in India 2023
|College Name||Location||Fees (approx.)|
|Indian Agricultural Research Institute||New Delhi||₹50,000 per year|
|Punjab Agricultural University||Ludhiana, Punjab||₹35,000 per year|
|Tamil Nadu Agricultural University||Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu||₹30,000 per year|
|G.B. Pant University of Agriculture||Pantnagar, Uttarakhand||₹40,000 per year|
|Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University||Hisar, Haryana||₹25,000 per year|
|Kerala Agricultural University||Thrissur, Kerala||₹30,000 per year|
|Anand Agricultural University||Anand, Gujarat||₹35,000 per year|
|Assam Agricultural University||Jorhat, Assam||₹20,000 per year|
|University of Agricultural Sciences||Bangalore, Karnataka||₹45,000 per year|
|Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology||Bhubaneswar, Odisha||₹30,000 per year|
Agriculture Courses after 12th Admission Process
- Admission to agricultural colleges is done on the process like :
- Entrance Test ,Counselling and Admission
- Qualifying examination (Merit based)
- ICAR entrance examination is for agricultural courses, EAMCET is conducted for admission in the state of Andhra Pradesh, and Similarly KEAM is for admission in Kerala.
- Few colleges also conduct its own entrance examination.
- Some colleges also take direct admission under management quota process.
Note – Management quota is a direct admission process where seats are limited.
General Application Process
- Visit the official website of a particular college.
- Fill the form online or offline (as per option given by a college)
- Attach all the documents required.
- Submit online or by post.
- Students can make application payment after filling all the mandatory details.
Note –The application process is different for every college.
- Marks sheets/certificate of 10th and 12th
- Caste certificate (if applicable).
- Character certificate of last institution.
- Transfer Certificate.
- Affidavit for a gap (if any)
- Domicile (according to the college )
- Passport size photograph.
- Other documents as per university norms.
Basic Eligibility Criteria
- Candidates must be 10+2 from a recognized board.
- Maximum marks should be scored 50% and minimum marks 45%.
- % relaxation will be given to students belonging to reserved category.
- Candidate must be having PCB/PCM or any discipline (depend on a course one choosing) in 12th
Benefits of Pursuing Agriculture Courses after 12th
Pursuing agriculture courses after 12th offers several benefits:
Diverse Career Opportunities
Agriculture graduates have a wide range of career options available to them. They can work in government departments, research organizations, agricultural cooperatives, agribusiness companies, food processing industries, and more. The diverse nature of the agriculture sector allows individuals to choose a career path that aligns with their interests and aspirations.
Agriculture courses focus on developing both theoretical knowledge and practical skills. Students gain hands-on experience through field visits, practical training, and internships. They learn about modern agricultural practices, innovative technologies, and sustainable farming methods. These skills make them valuable assets in the agricultural workforce.
Contributing to Sustainable Development
As the world faces challenges like climate change and depleting natural resources, sustainable agriculture practices are gaining importance. By pursuing agriculture courses, you can contribute to sustainable development by implementing eco-friendly farming techniques, conservation of natural resources, and promoting organic farming.
Career & Scope
As mentioned after doing graduation professionals can find jobs in both private and government sectors. The stream is taking its pace and professional demands are high. The graduates are given chance to work with government projects, agriculture departments, research organization, private farming organizations and many more. The graduates will also find opportunities in Horticulture, poultry, food sciences, animal sciences etc. One can also start their own business like agriculture product shops, farms, agribase industry, firms etc. Graduates can also work as supervisors, distributors, researcher and engineers. Some common job titles that are given to agriculture graduates are :
- Crop Specialists
- Fertilizer sales representative
- Food Microbiologists
- Plant Geneticist
- Farm Manager
- Rice Breeder
- Seed Technologist
- Soil Surveyor
- Marketing Executive
At the starting you will get salary from 15 k to 30k PM. With your experience you will get salary up to 90k to 2 lakh per month.
Sectors to Work
Professionals get to work in the sectors like:
- Agro Industry Sector
- Management Sectors
- Agri Bio Tech Organization
- Financial Sector with agriculture as a main focus.
Some top -notch recruiters of this industry are :
- DU Pont
- Rallies India Limited
- Agricultural Finance Corporation
- National Agro Industries
- Raasi Seeds
- ABT Industries
- Food Corporation of India
- Indian Council of Agriculture Research
- Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
Now that you have come to know about different courses of agriculture after 12th, it is easy for you to take admission. If fees are a hurdle for you then you don’t have to worry because many colleges offer scholarship to meritorious students. They also provide loan facilities so that one can get education properly. The general fees of agriculture course starts from 20k to 5 lakh P/A. The college fees vary from college to college. Students can pay their fee depending on college payment modes.