Career Options After 12th Science

Discover the numerous career options after 12th science and explore exciting pathways in the field. From medicine to engineering and beyond, this comprehensive guide provides insights, FAQs, and expert advice to help you make informed decisions about your future.

Congratulations! You’ve completed your 12th grade with a science background and now stand at the crossroads of choosing a career that aligns with your interests and aspirations. The field of science offers a wide range of exciting career options, each with its own unique set of challenges and rewards. Whether you have a knack for medicine, engineering, research, or technology, there’s something for everyone. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore various career options after 12th science, providing valuable insights, expert advice, and answers to frequently asked questions. 


Top 10 Career Options After 12th Science

1. Medicine: Healing Lives and Making a Difference

Embarking on a career in medicine opens doors to a world of opportunities where you can make a significant impact on people’s lives. From becoming a doctor to specializing in fields like dentistry, pharmacy, or veterinary science, the healthcare sector offers a diverse range of options. If you have a strong inclination towards serving others and possess a passion for science, medicine might be the perfect fit for you.

Average Base salary: As a doctor, the average base salary can range from $150,000 to $500,000 per year

Check out: Scholarship for 12th Students

2. Engineering: Designing the Future

Engineering is a field that blends creativity, problem-solving skills, and scientific knowledge to create innovative solutions. With specializations ranging from civil and mechanical engineering to computer science and aerospace engineering, this field offers a multitude of opportunities. Engineers contribute to society by designing and constructing infrastructure, developing advanced technologies, and tackling complex challenges. If you have a knack for problem-solving and a keen interest in applying scientific principles to practical solutions, engineering may be the right path for you.

Average Base salary: $85,000 per year

Check out: Scholarship for Engineering students

3. Research and Development: Pushing the Boundaries of Knowledge

For those who have an insatiable curiosity and a deep passion for unraveling the mysteries of science, a career in research and development (R&D) may be a perfect fit. R&D professionals work on cutting-edge projects, pushing the boundaries of scientific knowledge and innovation. Whether it’s exploring new frontiers in biotechnology, conducting experiments in a laboratory, or analyzing data to make groundbreaking discoveries, a career in research offers intellectual challenges and the opportunity to contribute to the advancement of human understanding.

Average Base salary: Research scientists have an average base salary of around $78,000 per year

4. Information Technology: Shaping the Digital World

In today’s technology-driven era, a career in information technology (IT) has become highly sought after. From software development and cybersecurity to data analysis and artificial intelligence, the IT sector offers diverse career options. If you have a flair for coding, problem-solving, and a passion for technology, this field can provide a rewarding and lucrative career. With the ever-evolving digital landscape, IT professionals are in high demand across industries.

Average Base salary: $70,000 per year

5. Architecture: Building Dreams from Blueprints

If you have an eye for design, a flair for creativity, and a passion for constructing awe-inspiring structures, architecture could be your calling. Architects bring dreams to life by designing and creating functional, aesthetic, and sustainable buildings. From residential homes to skyscrapers and public spaces, architects play a vital role in shaping the physical environment around us. Pursuing a career in architecture offers a unique blend of art, science, and technical skills.

Average Base salary: $68,000 per year

6. Biotechnology: Merging Science and Technology

Biotechnology is an interdisciplinary field that combines biology, chemistry, and technology to develop innovative products and solutions. From healthcare and agriculture to environmental conservation and pharmaceuticals, biotechnology has a wide range of applications. By harnessing the power of living organisms and manipulating their genetic makeup, biotechnologists contribute to advancements in medicine, food production, and environmental sustainability.

Average Base salary: Biotechnologists can earn $68,000 per year

7. Pharmacy: Dispensing Health and Care

Pharmacy is a field that encompasses the safe and effective use of medications to improve patient health outcomes. Pharmacists play a critical role in healthcare by ensuring the proper dispensing of medications, providing patient counseling, and contributing to drug research and development. If you have a keen interest in chemistry, biology, and a desire to help others, a career in pharmacy can be both rewarding and fulfilling.

Average Base salary: Pharmacists have an average salary $125,000 per year

8. Environmental Science: Protecting the Planet

With growing concerns about climate change and environmental degradation, a career in environmental science has never been more relevant. Environmental scientists study the natural world, analyze its processes, and develop strategies to protect and preserve the planet. Whether it’s working in government agencies, non-profit organizations, or private companies, environmental scientists contribute to sustainable development, conservation, and the well-being of ecosystems.

Average Base salary: $72,000 per year

9. Forensic Science: Uncovering the Truth

If you have a fascination with solving crimes and a keen eye for details, a career in forensic science might be the perfect fit. Forensic scientists use scientific techniques to analyze evidence and provide crucial insights in criminal investigations. From examining fingerprints and DNA to analyzing ballistics and trace evidence, forensic scientists play a vital role in the justice system, helping to ensure a fair and accurate outcome.

Average Base salary: Forensic scientists typically earn $60,000 to $70,000 per year

10. Astronomy: Exploring the Cosmos

Do you gaze at the stars and wonder about the mysteries of the universe? If so, a career in astronomy may be your calling. Astronomers study celestial objects, such as planets, stars, galaxies, and black holes, to unravel the secrets of the cosmos. With the advancement of telescopes and space exploration, the field of astronomy offers exciting research opportunities and a chance to contribute to our understanding of the universe.

Average Base salary: Range $60,000 to $100,000 per year


How to Make the Right Choice for a Course After 12th Science?

When it comes to selecting a course after completing 12th grade in the science stream, there are certain factors to consider. To ensure you make an informed decision, take the following steps:

  1. Identify Your Interests

It is crucial to choose a course that aligns with your interests and aptitudes. If you have a passion for music or the arts, explore the best courses after 12th science that cater to your artistic aspirations.

  1. Research the Course

Thoroughly understand the details of the course, including the curriculum and teaching methods, before making a choice. It can be helpful to reach out to graduates or current students in order to gain insights into the course and its offerings.

  1. Assess the Potential

Once you have determined your areas of interest and how well-suited you are for them, it is essential to evaluate the potential of the chosen career pathway. Consider factors such as job prospects, growth opportunities, and industry demand associated with the course you are considering.

By taking these steps, you can make a well-informed decision regarding the course you wish to pursue after completing 12th science.

Courses to Choose After 12th Science

Course Name Duration Average Fees (INR) Average Salary (INR)
B.Tech in Mechanical Engineering 4 years 4-10 Lakhs 3-8 Lakhs per annum
B.Tech in Civil Engineering 4 years 3-8 Lakhs 3-7 Lakhs per annum
B.Tech in Computer Science Engineering 4 years 3-10 Lakhs 4-10 Lakhs per annum
B.Tech in Biomedical Engineering 4 years 3-9 Lakhs 4-8 Lakhs per annum
MBBS – Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery 5.5 years 10-50 Lakhs 8-15 Lakhs per annum
BAMS – Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery 5.5 years 2-8 Lakhs 3-6 Lakhs per annum
BDS – Bachelor of Dental Surgery 5 years 2-12 Lakhs 4-10 Lakhs per annum
BUMS – Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery 5.5 years 1-6 Lakhs 3-6 Lakhs per annum
BYNS – Bachelor of Yoga and Naturopathy Sciences 4.5 years 2-6 Lakhs 2-5 Lakhs per annum
BHMS – Bachelor of Homeopathy Medicine and Surgery 5.5 years 2-7 Lakhs 2-5 Lakhs per annum
B.Sc in Biotechnology 3 years 1-5 Lakhs 3-6 Lakhs per annum
B.Sc in Microbiology 3 years 1-4 Lakhs 2-5 Lakhs per annum
B.Sc in Forensic Science 3 years 1-4 Lakhs 2-6 Lakhs per annum
B.Sc in Astrophysics 3 years 2-6 Lakhs 3-7 Lakhs per annum
B.Sc in Psychology 3 years 1-5 Lakhs 2-6 Lakhs per annum
B.Sc in Meteorology 3 years 2-6 Lakhs 3-8 Lakhs per annum

Best Career Options After 12th Science


  1. Engineering: Engineering is one of the most popular career options for students with a background in PCM (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics). It is a practical scientific discipline that involves designing and developing various systems.

Some of the best engineering courses after 12th science are:

  • B.Tech in Mechanical Engineering
  • B.Tech in Civil Engineering
  • B.Tech in Computer Science Engineering
  • B.Tech in Biomedical Engineering
  1. Medical: The medical profession is highly esteemed and offers lucrative career opportunities for students with a background in PCB (Physics, Chemistry, Biology). The COVID-19 pandemic has further emphasized the importance of medical professionals.

Some of the best medical courses after 12th science are:

  • MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery)
  • BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)
  • BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)
  • BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery)
  • BYNS (Bachelor of Yoga and Naturopathy Sciences)
  • BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathy Medicine and Surgery)
  1. Biotechnology: Biotechnology utilizes cellular and biomolecular processes to develop products and services that benefit both humans and nature. Graduates in Biotechnology can work in various sectors, including healthcare, genetic engineering, textile industry, and cosmetics.

  2. Microbiology: Microbiology offers diverse career opportunities for students with a background in science. They can work as environmental microbiologists, industrial microbiologists, research assistants, clinical and veterinary microbiologists, and more.

Some of the best courses in Microbiology are:

  • Bachelor of Science in Microbiology
  • BSc in Applied Microbiology
  • BSc in Industrial Microbiology
  1. Forensic Science: Forensic Science is a sub-field of Criminology that involves the application of scientific principles in criminal investigations and examinations.

Some popular Forensic Science degrees include:

  • BSc in Forensic Science
  • Graduate Certificate in Digital Forensics
  • MSc in Forensic Science
  1. Biochemistry: Biochemistry is the study of chemical processes within and related to living beings. It encompasses three main fields: structural biology, enzymology, and metabolism. Graduates in Biochemistry can find job opportunities in agriculture, medicine, nutrition, and other related fields.

Some of the best courses in Biochemistry are:

  • B.Sc. in Biochemistry
  • B.Sc. (Hons.) in Biochemistry
  • B.Sc. in Medical Biochemistry
  1. Entrepreneurship: Entrepreneurship involves launching new enterprises and taking risks and rewards as a business owner. All it requires is a solid concept and some financial resources.

Some top entrepreneurship courses include:

  • B.A. in Entrepreneurship
  • Bachelor of International Management
  • Bachelor of Arts (Hons) in Business Management
  1. Astrophysics: Astrophysics is a space science discipline that applies physical and chemical principles to explain the origin, existence, and demise of celestial objects like stars, planets, galaxies, comets, etc.

Some of the top courses in Astrophysics are:

  • B.Sc Physics with Astrophysics
  • B.Sc in Space and Astrophysics
  • B.Sc in Physics and Astrophysics with a year in industry
  • B.Sc Astrophysics


FAQs: Answers to Your Burning Questions

1. Can I pursue a career in engineering if I have taken biology in 12th grade?

Yes, absolutely! While engineering typically requires a strong foundation in physics and mathematics, having a background in biology can be advantageous in certain specializations such as biomedical engineering or environmental engineering. Many universities and colleges offer interdisciplinary programs that allow students to combine different branches of science, so you can definitely explore engineering with a biology background.

2. What are the career prospects in biotechnology?

The field of biotechnology is rapidly expanding and offers promising career prospects. Biotechnologists can work in various sectors, including pharmaceuticals, agriculture, food production, and environmental conservation. With advancements in genetic engineering and personalized medicine, the demand for skilled biotechnologists is expected to grow. Career options include research scientist, lab technician, quality control analyst, and bioinformatics specialist.

3. Is a career in medicine only limited to becoming a doctor?

No, a career in medicine extends beyond becoming a doctor. While becoming a medical doctor is a popular choice, there are several other career options in the healthcare sector. These include dentistry, pharmacy, nursing, physiotherapy, veterinary science, medical research, and more. Each specialization requires a different set of skills and offers unique opportunities to make a difference in people’s lives.

4. What skills are essential for a successful career in information technology?

To excel in the field of information technology, it is essential to have a strong foundation in computer science, programming languages, and problem-solving skills. Additionally, communication skills, teamwork, adaptability, and a continuous learning mindset are crucial in a rapidly evolving industry. Employers also value creativity, analytical thinking, and the ability to collaborate effectively with multidisciplinary teams.

5. How can I pursue a career in architecture?

To pursue a career in architecture, you need to complete a bachelor’s degree in architecture from a recognized institution. It is important to develop a strong understanding of architectural principles, design aesthetics, and technical skills through coursework and practical experience. After completing your degree, you may need to gain professional experience through internships or apprenticeships before becoming a licensed architect.

6. Are there any scholarships available for science students pursuing higher education?

Yes, there are numerous scholarships available for science students pursuing higher education. Many universities, government organizations, and private foundations offer scholarships based on academic merit, financial need, or specific criteria related to the field of study. It is recommended to research scholarship opportunities early and reach out to the respective organizations for detailed information on eligibility and application processes.

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